Pomeranian dogs were originally found and developed in the Prussian Region of Pomerania and the ancestors of those we see today use to weigh up to 30 pounds. By the late 1800's Queen Victoria had become a Pomeranian fancier and because of this the breed became popular in England. However today the Pomeranian is primarily bred as loving companions and show dogs.
The Pomeranian is part of the AKC Toy Group and although it was shown in the miscellaneous classification of the American Kennel Club from 1892 it gained its regular classification from 1900.
Height: 7-12 inches
Weight: 3-7 pounds
Longevity: About 15 years
The Pomeranian is a small fluffy dog which has a wedge shaped head along with pointed ears that should be erect. They all have a bright dark almond shaped eye which gives them an intelligent expression and their noses are either dark or the colour of their coats and their teeth should meet in a scissors bite. They also should have a distinctive feathered tail that fans forward of their backs. A Pomeranian should have an abundant ruff around both the neck and chest area. The Pomeranian's coat should be a solid colour although on occasions it may be parti-coloured.
Colors: Red, Orange, White or Cream, Blue, Brown or Black
The Pomeranian is a lively little dog who is intelligent and is eager to learn whilst being very loyal to those who have him. However, they can also be very willful, bold and on occasions temperamental. A downside to a Pomeranian is that they have a tendency to be quite reserved and will bark excessively at strangers. The Pomeranian is also an alert, curious and busy breed as well as being one of the most independent to be found in the AKC Toy Group.
Pomeranian dogs are good at learning tricks but they should always be treated with a firm hand and the owner of such a dog must show them who is the boss or they will ignore them. The Pomeranian is a wonderful companion as well as great for showing because of their docile temper and affectionate nature.
Some Pomeranians may be prone to slipped stifle, dislocated patella (knee cap), heart and skin problems as well as eye infections. Also Pomeranians are prone to losing their teeth early and therefore it is recommended that you feed them dry food in order to keep both their teeth and gums in good condition and a regular visit to the vet's to have their teeth cleaned is a must for this breed.
The Pomeranian is the ideal dog if you live in an apartment. Though very active indoors they do not need a yard to be exercised.
The Pomeranian dogs very long double coat which sheds constantly should be brushed often and you should start at the head parting the coat and brushing it forward as you go. The undercoat which has a cottony feel sheds usually once or twice a year. It is important that the Pomeranians eyes and ears are cleaned on a daily basis.
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